Technology has impacted all sectors of life and the cutting industry has benefited from advanced cutting systems as well. The latest technology in cutting is known as waterjet cutting that uses high-pressure water stream where a narrow line is eroded in the stock material. However, an abrasive can be added to cut a variety of materials such as steel, titanium, and foam among others.
Since the abrasive is added at the nozzle, you can be able to switch between water-only cutting and abrasive waterjet cutting. Such flexibility makes waterjet machines very versatile. Again the technology utilized in these water jet cutting systems, different shapes can be cut faster and accurately. Also, inexperienced operators are also able to make cuts accurately without the need trial-and-error.
The cutting process with waterjet systems utilizes a software that guides the cutting head. The high speed of thin water stream cuts the material faster. The water stream is usually very small such that there is minimal wastage. The customer and the waterjet provider will save on cost. Other benefits of waterjet cutting include the following.
1. Cuts a variety of materials.
When an abrasive is added in waterjet cutting, any material can be cut. Among the materials that could be cut are such as carbon steel, stainless steel, tool steel, titanium, wood, ceramic, granite, and copper. Unlike traditional equipment that can only cut certain materials, waterjet offers a huge benefit.
2. No heat zones.
There are no heat zones in waterjet cutting unlike other cutting methods such as laser and plasma that can cause heat damage. Because of this, it is possible to cut different materials like metals and plastics without distorting, melting or warping them. In case of any heat, it is absorbed by water that is then returned to the tank. High temperatures will only arise if there is a thick metal part being pierced. Room temperatures will be maintained in everything else.
3. Complex shapes can be cut.
It is one of the big advantage provided by waterjet cutting. You can cut almost any shape you want. You can now cut sharp corners, pierce holes, bevels, and shapes that have minimal inner radii. The cutting time is also minimized since tabbing, stacking, and nesting help in optimizing the material.
The cutting process with a waterjet is usually clean and does not result in chips, grindings, or hazardous gases. At the same time, cutting emulsions and oils will also not be required. If pure water is being used, this cutting method can be used for materials such as food products, elastomers, and textiles.